APE 401 Measurements & Measuring Instruments 3 Credits Significance and methods of measurements, direct and indirect methods.

Mechanical, electrical and electronic types of instruments, absolute and secondary instruments, analog and digital instruments, analog voltmeters and ammeters, AC transformer types, Flux gate magnetometer type.

Streamline & turbulent flow, Poiseulle's formula, streamline flow and turbulent flow, Reynold's Number, Equation of Continuity, Bernoulli's Theorem, Stokes' Law.

Principle of superposition, interference of waves, phase velocity and group velocity, simple harmonic motion, combination of SHM, Lissajous figures, damped SHM, forced oscillations, resonance, power and intensity of wave motion, waves in elastic media, vibration of strings, beats, Doppler Effect, velocity of sound, ultrasonics, and their applications.

Simple resistive circuits: Series and parallel circuits, voltage and current division, Wye-Delta transformation.

Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections.

APE 202 Electrodynamics & Electromagnetic Waves & Fields 3 Credits Solution of Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation and applications to electrostatic problems, dielectrics, electrostatic energy, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, propagation of electromagnetic waves in conducting and non-conducting media, reflection and refraction, polarization, dispersion, scattering, waves in the presence of metallic boundaries, Waves between parallel planes, attenuation, wave impedance, waves in coaxial lines & modes, waves in strip and micro-strip lines, waveguides and resonators, solution of the inhomogeneous wave equations, simple radiating system, antennas, accelerated charge, Cerenkov radiation, elements of plasma physics. APE 203 Electrical Circuits II 3 credits Sinusoidal functions: Instantaneous current, voltage, power, effective current and voltage, average power, phasors and complex quantities, impedance, real and reactive power, power factor.

Analysis of single phase ac circuits: Series and parallel RL, RC and RLC circuits, nodal and mesh analysis, application of network theorems in ac circuits, circuits simultaneously excited by sinusoidal sources of several frequencies, transient response of RL and RC circuits with sinusoidal excitation.

Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and bandpass filters using Op-Amps.

Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators.

Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections.APE 202 Electrodynamics & Electromagnetic Waves & Fields 3 Credits Solution of Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation and applications to electrostatic problems, dielectrics, electrostatic energy, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, propagation of electromagnetic waves in conducting and non-conducting media, reflection and refraction, polarization, dispersion, scattering, waves in the presence of metallic boundaries, Waves between parallel planes, attenuation, wave impedance, waves in coaxial lines & modes, waves in strip and micro-strip lines, waveguides and resonators, solution of the inhomogeneous wave equations, simple radiating system, antennas, accelerated charge, Cerenkov radiation, elements of plasma physics. APE 203 Electrical Circuits II 3 credits Sinusoidal functions: Instantaneous current, voltage, power, effective current and voltage, average power, phasors and complex quantities, impedance, real and reactive power, power factor.Analysis of single phase ac circuits: Series and parallel RL, RC and RLC circuits, nodal and mesh analysis, application of network theorems in ac circuits, circuits simultaneously excited by sinusoidal sources of several frequencies, transient response of RL and RC circuits with sinusoidal excitation.Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and bandpass filters using Op-Amps.Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators.General purpose Op-Amp: DC analysis, small-signal analysis of different stages, gain and frequency response of 741 Op-Amp.